Does bike lane legally continue through the intersection?

I usually write posts mostly from my viewpoint because I want my blog to be mostly from my viewpoint. I am making a rare exception with this post because I am not a legal expert and my last post happened to be about Bend. While I read BikePortland almost daily and many of their posts fascinate me, I chose to make a rare exception to write about this post because Jonathan Maus thoroughly researched the legal issue and it raises questions about what I experienced in Bend.

Before I read Jonathan’s post, I thought it was common sense that a bike lane legally continues through the intersection. I am shocked by Deschutes County Circuit Court Judge Adler’s ruling.

Judge Adler ruled that he saw “no authority” to support the contention that bike lanes continue through intersections in Oregon.

While I have never had any personal legal issues while biking, do I need to start leaving the bike lane and using the travel lane when going through intersections in Oregon to prevent my legal rights from being lost? As comments below Jonathan’s post explain, I am not the only cyclist in Oregon asking this question.

I also found the below statement interesting. Even in bike-friendly Oregon, it is believed that people do not treat bike lanes like travel lanes. As someone who bikes daily in Oregon, I agree with this perspective. While neither type of lane physically (no paint) continues through the intersection, I have not seen anyone questioning whether the travel lane legally continues through the intersection. Why does the same not apply to the bike lane?

Prosecutor Andrew Steiner said many people today do not treat bike lanes like vehicle lanes, though they are.

Since I am a geographer, I would normally have started this post with where the bike lane is located in Bend. I felt readers needed the legal and culture details to fully understand the bike lane legal issue, so I postponed sharing the bike lane location. While the below Google Maps screenshot shows green lines for where the bike lanes continue through the intersection at NW Wall St and NW Olney Ave, the white bike lane paint does not actually continue through this intersection. The white bike lane paint stops where the intersection begins and restarts where the intersection ends. The same is true for the travel lanes.

Bend Intersection

Location of the bike lane legal issue in Bend, OR. Source: Google Maps

Portland had a similar legal issue

Unfortunately, Bend is not the only Oregon city to have experienced this legal issue. Portland had a similar legal issue in 2009. As this BikePortland post discussed, Multnomah County Circuit Court Judge Pro Tem Michael Zusman found that the collision did not occur “in the marked area comprising the bicycle lane.”

You are probably as confused as me after reading this post. Since I do not want to change how I bike through intersections in Oregon, I hope I can trust what Jonathan wrote in his 2018 post.

Let’s be clear: Even though the legal definition of a bicycle lane (ORS 801.155) doesn’t specifically address intersections, the legal protection of a bicycle lane absolutely does continue through an intersection even if the markings do not.

Jonathan’s viewpoint is shared by former Portland Police Bureau Captain Bryan Parman.

“We all know that lanes continue through an intersection, we just don’t lay down a bunch of criss-crossing lines because it would be confusing.” He also said, “It’s a poor ruling in an individual case but it doesn’t change the way we do business.”

Cheapest Way to Bring Dutch Bike Infrastructure to the US

I usually write factual posts and not opinion posts so I want to add a disclaimer that this post is an opinion post. I’m open to criticism so feel free to share your criticism. I’d especially enjoy reading criticism if you feel there is a cheaper way to bring Dutch bike infrastructure to the US.

The idea for this post came about when I got my new 2017 Breezer Uptown 8 LS (LS stands for low step) on April 1. Before getting my new bike, I was riding Capital Bikeshare for all bike trips except shopping and bike touring (long-distance) trips. As the below photo shows, I was riding my road bike to shop and for bike touring. While I always find it stressful to mount and dismount my road bike, the two stuff panniers made it even more challenging to swing my leg around the back of my seat when mounting and dismounting my bike.

Due to this mounting and dismounting challenge, I’m loving the step thru design of my new bike. I no longer have to stress about swinging my leg around the back of the seat so I feel much more relaxed when biking!

The relaxed feeling is why I think my step thru bike, which is similar to a Dutch bike, is the cheapest way to bring Dutch bike infrastructure to the US. My step thru bike feels like I’m riding in the Netherlands, which I have done through two study abroad trips, without spending millions on building protected bike lanes. I still support protected bike lanes, but realize they are expensive to build. I wanted to share a cheap way to feel relaxed when biking without waiting for protected bike lanes to be built. I never felt comfortable on my road bike so I’m thankful I decided to buy my step thru bike. While Capital Bikeshare feels comfortable, it doesn’t go everyone I want to go yet. I wanted a new bike that felt as comfortable as a Capital Bikeshare bike so I got my new step thru bike.

As an added bonus, several women, who I have never met before, told me that my step thru bike looks cute and they wanted to find a similar bike. I’m not sure whether this is because they think step thru bikes are supposed to be only for women or because they think my bike is actually cute. I believe few Americans know that Dutch bikes are unisex and step thru so I want to point out that I see my step thru bike as a unisex bike and not as a women’s bike. Yes, the American manufacturer labels my bike as a women’s bike, but the bike would likely be labeled as unisex in the Netherlands.

Since I’m single, have been dating, and would love to go on a bike ride with my girlfriend, it would be cool if I can use my step thru bike to attract women who find my bike cute. The only men that have said anything about my bike are the bike shop mechanics that built my bike. I want to clarify that the main reason why I purchased my new step thru bike is because I can easily step thru the bike. I wasn’t thinking about attracting women with my bike before I purchased it, so this is an added bonus. Since American women bike less than American men, I’d love if my bike can encourage more women to bike because they find my bike cute and they end up buying a similar bike.

Tim Kelley shared this video with me and it relates to the road bike mounting challenges I have experience. I found the video to be useful and funny.

What should I do to avoid being left and right hooked?

I was almost left and right hooked several times last week while riding in bike lanes in downtown Portland, Oregon so am planning to buy a $65 Orp. The below video and photo show how an Orp works.

Unfortunately, I can’t use the Orp to communicate with motorists waiting at a stop light that I’m planning to continue straight from the bike lane. The Orp just alerts motorists that I don’t want to be hit. It doesn’t inform motorists whether I will be turning or continuing straight. Since I can see whether the motorist’s turn signal is on, I know when I need to communicate with the motorist that I plan to continue straight. In order to inform motorists that I plan to continue straight, I have been pointing straight, trying to make eye contact with the motorist and yelling “straight”. Even with all of this, I had two motorists almost hit me while I was biking in the door zone bike lane on SW 5th Avenue in downtown Portland on Thursday, October 22. I kept trying to make eye contact with the motorists and yelling, but their windows were up so they couldn’t hear me and they didn’t see me until I heard their brakes squeak. Thankfully, they both were going slow, which allowed them enough space to stop in time. However, I felt my heart beating very fast so know it was way too close for my safety and comfort.

Since my strategies aren’t working to keep me safe from being left and right hooked, what should I do to avoid being left and right hooked in the future? Vehicular cyclists (according to this discussion, I have now learned that they prefer to be called bike drivers) keep telling me in the Cyclists are Drivers! facebook group that I need to “just line up with the rest of the traffic that’s going straight.” Unfortunately, as I wrote in this blog post, Oregon law requires me to use the bike lane in most situations and doesn’t allow me to impede traffic so I am forced to feel unsafe and uncomfortable in the bike lane. I have copied the Oregon statutes to show you why the law needs to be changed. Section 814.420.3.e is copied below.

“A person is not in violation of the offense [of leaving a bicycle lane or path] under this section if the person is able to safely move out of the bicycle lane or path for the purpose of: (e) Continuing straight at an intersection where the bicycle lane or path is to the right of a lane from which a motor vehicle must turn right.”

Note the phrase: “where the bicycle lane or path is to the right of a lane from which a motor vehicle must turn right”, as this only applies to bike lanes to the right of right turn only lanes, and not lanes where motorists can go through or turn right, which is the overwhelming majority of cases on the streets.

After receiving more advice from the Cyclists are Drivers! facebook group, I am planning to break several Oregon laws starting on Monday by controlling the full travel lane on roads with a bike lane and impeding traffic. Since I value living another day more than following unsafe Oregon laws, I am open to being arrested and receiving a ticket. Do you see any safe and comfortable options that are permitted under Oregon law so I don’t risk dying while biking?

Road Diet and Buffered Bike Lanes on Loop Road

Kannapolis has many roads that serve primarily motorists while creating unsafe conditions for pedestrians, cyclists and transit users. Kannapolis needs to design roads that are safe for all road users, including motorists. Through making the roads safe for walking, bicycling and using transit, Kannapolis will also make the roads safer for driving an automobile. Since I feel motorists are often excluded from conversations about other modes of transportation and don’t understand the value of designing roads for all road users, I want to make it abundantly clear that redesigning roads for all road users will make the roads safer for motorists as well. This means all road users are benefiting from my advocacy and planning work.

The first road I will discuss is Loop Road. Even though I am willing, not comfortable, to bike on Loop Road because I am an Enthused and Confident” transportation cyclist, the majority of cyclists are not willing to bike on Loop Road. Instead, one will most likely find these cyclists, which make up the “Interested but Concerned” group, on the sidewalk or driving an automobile while their bicycle is rusting away in their garage. A female (most cyclists in the United States are male) interested but concerned cyclist, who used to live in Kannapolis and currently lives in Rutherfordton, NC, shared with me on Facebook the following:

“I would love to live in a cycling community. I would put baskets and panniers on my old hybrid in a heartbeat if it were safe to pedal to the Bi-Lo! I would love for cycling to be an integral part of my daily routine and not only for exercise/recreation on the road bike.

Most pedestrians in the South fit into this “Interested but Concerned” group as well. One of the reasons I feel this is true is because, as one can see in the below photo, most pedestrians would feel unsafe walking on this sidewalk. The sidewalk is unsafe because it is installed adjacent to the road without any physical separation from the road.

2014-05-20 15.49.30

Loop Road

The below photo, which is from Charlotte DOT, is a great example of how a planting strip can be used to provide physical separation from the road. I would feel much safer walking along this road than Loop Road.

Planting StripAnother pedestrian and cyclist safety issue in the Loop Road photo is how the 8th Street Greenway abruptly ends on the north side of Loop Road without providing users a safe and convenient option to cross Loop Road to the North Carolina Research Campus. The nearest signalized intersections are North Main Street and West A Street, which have standard crosswalks but no pedestrian signals. The below photo, which shows the intersection of Loop Road and West A Street, could be improved for pedestrian safety by installing ladder crosswalks, pedestrian signals and median refuge islands on Loop Road. The motorist stopping beyond the stop bar in the crosswalk doesn’t help with making this intersection safer for pedestrians.

Intersection of Loop Road and West A Street

Intersection of Loop Road and West A Street

Thankfully, as the City of Kannapolis’ website shows, Kannapolis is working to redesign Loop Road to make it safer for all road users, especially the “Interested but Concerned” cyclists and pedestrians. The potential redesign of Loop Road involves a road diet, which in this case means “converting the outside travel lane to a buffered bicycle lane from West C St around to North Main St.” As this article from PeopleForBikes on protected/buffered bike lanes discusses and the below infographic shows, this redesign should encourage cyclists, especially the “Interested but Concerned” cyclists, to get their bike out of their garage and bike on the road.

Protected Bike Lanes Increase Bike Traffic

The redesign should also encourage pedestrians, which all of us are at some point during the day, to walk on the sidewalk and cross the road. US Secretary of Transportation and former Mayor of Charlotte Anthony Foxx said, “Whether you live in a city or a small town, and whether you drive a car, take the bus or ride a train, at some point in the day, everyone is a pedestrian.”

For those unfamiliar with what road diets and buffered bike lanes are and the benefits of installing both together, Streetfilms produced the following video about road diets and the Green Lane Project produced the following video about the rise of buffered/protected bike lanes in the US.



Since Kannapolis is a small city and all the cities shown in the Green Lane Project’s video are large cities, one may wonder if buffered/protected bike lanes are being installed in small cities. As the below Streetfilms video shows, small and medium sized cities throughout the United States are installing buffered/protected bike lanes. Will Kannapolis, NC join these cities?


Here is a cross section and project maps for the proposed road diet and buffered bike lanes on Loop Road. According to the Green Lane Project, which is a People For Bikes program, Kannapolis would be the first city in North Carolina to have a buffered bike lane if it installs the buffered bike lanes on Loop Road. Visit the City of Kannapolis’ website for more information about the proposed project.

Loop Road Cross SectionLoop Road Buffered Bike Lanes  from West C Street to Biotechnology Lane

Loop Road Buffered Bike Lanes from West C Street to Biotechnology Lane

Loop Road Buffered Bike Lanes from Biotechnology Lane to Main Street

Loop Road Buffered Bike Lanes from Biotechnology Lane to Main Street

Since I will be in Charlotte tomorrow to watch The Human Scale, my next post will be delayed. I plan to discuss the complicated bike connection between where the proposed buffered bike lanes on Loop Road end and the proposed bike lanes on Mooresville Road end.